est shortest 最短的 (short 變化形) [Card #26; 字卡第26張: 第1個單字]

[superlative] The suffix -est means "the most". 字尾加 est 變成最高級
Some more examples(更多例字):fastest, shortest, softest, lightest, brightest, straightest, greatest, oldest, coldest, closest, kindest, loudest, roundest, fullest, tallest, smallest, smartest, stillest, fairest, dearest, nearest, clearest, cleanest, meanest, soonest, poorest, smoothest, freshest, richest, longest, strongest, toughest, warmest, darkest, sickest, thickest, quickest, deepest, highest, slightest, fewest, newest, narrowest, lowest, slowest, biggest, hottest, maddest, saddest, funniest, happiest, prettiest, easiest, busiest, luckiest, earliest, healthiest, latest, largest, finest, nicest, widest, wisest, simplest

◊ 通常直接在字尾加 est(例如 fast → fastest)
◊ 形容詞字尾是e:只要加 st(例如 pure → purest)
◊ 一音節的形容詞,單一母音字母+一個子音字尾:重複子音字尾,再加 est(例如 big → biggest)
◊ 形容詞字尾為y:把y改為i,再加 est(例如 happy → happiest)

比較級 & 最高級